A month ago, I went to a free worm farming information session and decided to set one up at home. Worm farming is a great way to reduce kitchen waste that get sent to landfill, which in turn pollute our environment. And moreover, the worms produce a nutrient rich soil-like casting, which is a great fertiliser for your garden, and it’s organic!
I also see it as having pet worms at home (I love pets!) and I feed them with food waste that would normally go in the bin^^
Yesterday, I went to pick up my baby worms, which I ordered a month ago, as well as a worm farm (it’s like a stack of trays). It cost me AUD$28 for about 1000 worms and AUD$68 for the worm farm.
Setting up a worm farm
This is my new worm factory! The home of my new worm babies ^^
Once you opened the lid, you’ll see a bunch of parts and the most important of all, the coconut coir bedding block! The bedding block provides the initial food for the worm to settle into the new place. It is nutrient-rich, provides the worm with the right amount of moisture, and at the same time, proper aeration – if the bedding is too wet, the worms will suffocate!
First of all, put all the parts together, you probably would be able to work it out without referring to the manual.
The Fly proof inserts (left side the photo) click into the side of the lid, this is to prevent unwelcome guests entering the worm farm through the handle holes. Fit the tap and nut in the hole found on the bottom tray – this is where the liquid fertiliser comes out – the liquid fertiliser is great for pot plants!
Then, fix each of the four legs in place with the clips provided – two clips per leg.
Now, take the bedding block out of the tray and rip the brown wrapping apart – be sure to read it first! Soak the bedding block in half a bucket of water, including the wrapping paper – yup the worm will eat through that too!
Leave the bedding block to soak for about 20-30 mins. Remember to check and make sure that there is enough water, add more if it looks too dry.
When the bedding is ready, it should look and feel like potting mix. In fact you can actually use it as potting mix, but that’s not the point The bedding should feel moist but not wet.
Before the bedding goes in, line the top tray with the cardboard packaging that came with the worm farm, this is to prevent the bedding material from falling into the layers below initially.
Next, spread the bedding on top of the cardboard lining. Remember not to compact the bedding, just gently spread it out.
It’s time to let the worms into their new home! Empty the whole bag onto the bedding.
Let’s take a closer look at them before they burrow down into the bedding. There are three types of composting worms here, not that I can tell which is which. The point is they are different from the earthworms that you can find in your garden, the earthworms cannot survive in the composting environment!
The bag in which the worms came in is biodegradable too, so it can go into the farm as well, the worms will eat this in time.
It is advised to put a hessian lining on top to help retain moisture in the worm farm. The worms will eat the hessian material if they run out of food, so it is also a secondary food source for them.
Last but not least, replace the lid! You don’t want any cockroaches in there, do you?
And it’s done!
You shouldn’t put any kitchen waste in for about two weeks to let the worms settle down and start eating the bedding material. After two weeks, put a small amount of food scrap in a corner – this makes it easier to observe whether the worms are actually digging into the food waste. Very important not to overfeed them!
I hope this helps anyone who is looking into setting up a worm farm! I will keep you updated on the progress of my worm farm^0^.